SALTWATER FISH OF CYPRUS

 SALTWATER FISH OF CYPRUS

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GARFISH

Scientific name: Belone belone

Common size: 25-50 cm, weight: 20-500 gr

Fishing season: Aug-Nov

Bait: Small dead or live fish, squid, prawn, flour, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 10-14  Line: 0.25-0.30 mm

Found up to 0.5 m deep.

SEA BASS

Scientific name: Dicentrarchus labrax

Common size: 25-125 cm, weight: 0.3-10 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Dead or live fish, worms, prawn, meat, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.30-0.35 mm

Gar. Can be found in all beaches and in harbours hunting for mice and frogs.

 

JACK

Scientific name: Lichia amia

Common size: 15-100 cm, weight: 0.03-5 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year especially Aug-Nov

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.30 mm

Gar. Can be caught any time of the day rarely at night.

BARRACUDA

Scientific name: Sphyraena sphyraena

Common size: 30-130 cm, weight: 0.3-5 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar. Can be found late in the afternoon and during the night time. 

 DOLPHIN

Scientific name: Copyphaena hippurus

Common size: 40-150 cm, weight: 0.3-10 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 2-4  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar. Can be found any time of the day when you least expect it. 

BLUEFISH

Scientific name: Temnodom saltator

Common size: 25-120 cm, weight: 0.2-10 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar. Warning:Sharp teeth can easily cut your fingers. 

TUNAFISH

Scientific name: Thunnus thunnus

Common size: 0.3-3 m

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Usually found in open sea, rarely at the beach. 

AMBERJACK

Scientific name: Seriola dumerili

Common size: 30-120 cm, weight: 0.5 -30 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year (esp. Aug-Oct)

Bait: Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 2-4  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Gar. Can be caught any time of the day usually from a boat.

MEDITERRANEAN HORSE MACKEREL

Scientific name: Trachurus mediterraneus (or Caranx suareus)

Common size: 12-30 cm, weight: 0.2 -1 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year (esp. Jun-Oct)

Bait: Small live fish, prawn, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

Gar. Can be caught any time of the day

BLACKFISH

Scientific name: Epinephelus guaza

Common size: 10-150 cm, weight: 0.1-25 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small live or dead fish, squid, prawn, worms etc

Hook size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Can be found during the night time. 

PERCH

Scientific name: Serranus scriba

Common size: 10-30 cm, weight: 60 - 600 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Prawn, worm, squid etc

Hook size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Can be found near underwater rocks.

WRASSE

Scientific name:Labrus bergylta

Common size: 10-25 cm, weight: 30-250 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Worms, prawn, squid, flour etc

Hook size: No. 12-16  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

Found near underwater rocks and plants.

SCORPION-FISH

Scientific name: Scorpaena scrofa

Common size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-1000 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Any bait.

Hook size: No. 4-10  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

Found near rocks. Can be caught at night.

WARNING: Poisonous spine can cause insufferable pain.

CONGER EEL

Scientific name: Conger conger

Common size: 30-150 cm, weight: 30gr - 3 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Dead or live fish, worms, prawn, squid etc

Hook size: No. 2-6  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Live in holes in rocks and are very difficult to catch but small ones can be caught rarely during the night time.

 

MORAY

Scientific name: Muraena helena

Common size: 30-150 cm, weight: 100gr -3 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Small dead or live fish, squid, octopus etc

Hook size: No. 2-6  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Lives in holes and caves in rocks. VERY DANGEROUS when caught or pestered. Razor sharp teeth can easily cut pieces of flesh.  Can stay alive for hours out of the water so just cut its head off to be on the safe side.

 

BOGUE

Scientific name: Boops boops

Common size: 10-25 cm, weight: 30-150 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year especially during the summer.

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid etc

Hook size: No. 12-16  Line: 0.15-0.25 mm

 

SALPA

Scientific name: Boops salpa

Common size: 12-35 cm, weight: 50gr-1.5kg

Fishing season: Jul-Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid etc

Hook size: No. 10-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

MULLET

Scientific name: Mugil cephalus

Common size: 10-70 cm, weight: 15gr-5kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Flour, bread, cheese etc

Hook size: No. 14-18  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Met everywhere and especially in harbours and sandy beaches. 

WHITE BREAM

Scientific name: Piplodus sargus

Common size: 10-40 cm, weight: 75gr-1kg

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

SADDLED SEA BREAM

Scientific name: Oblada melanura

Common size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-800 gr

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

STRIPED SEABREAM - MOURMOURA

Scientific name: Lithognathus mormyrus

Common size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-1000 gr

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, worms etc

Hook size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

GILTHEAD SEA BREAM

Scientific name: Sparus aurata

Common size: 15-80 cm, weight: 100gr -3 kg

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, worms, mussels etc

Hook size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

CORB

Scientific name: Umbrina cirroca

Common size: 15-100 cm, weight: 60gr-7kg

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Prawn, worms etc

Hook size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

EEL

Scientific name: Anguilla anguilla

Common size: up to 1.5 m, weight: 0.5-3 kg

Fishing season: Spring-Autumn

Bait: Small dead or live fish, worms, liver, gurry etc

Hook size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.35-0.40 mm

Gar. Active during night time. Hides in mud at the bed of dams and rivers.

 

 

 

WEEVER FISH

Scientific name: Trachinus araneus

Common size: 10-35 cm, weight: 60-800 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Prawn, worms etc

Hook size: No. 4-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Found near rocks or plants in sandy beaches.

WARNING: Poisonous spine can cause insufferable pain.

PARROT FISH (SCARUS)

Scientific name: Scarus cretensis

Common size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-400 gr

Fishing season: Aug-Nov

Bait: Wrack, algae, rarely prawn

Hook size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

 

 

 

 

PLAICE

Scientific name: Solea vulgaris

Common size: 15-50 cm, weight: 50-300 gr

Fishing season: Aug-Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, worms, etc

Hook size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

SHARP-NOSED SEA BREAM

Scientific name: Puntazzio puntazzio

Common size: 10-35 cm, weight: 75-250gr

Fishing season: Sep - Nov

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

BLENNY

Scientific name: Blennius gattorugine

(A few other species can also be found)

Common size: 10-20 cm, weight: 35-100gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook size: No. 8-16  Line: 0.15-0.25 mm

NOT EATABLE.  Caught by mistake when fishing for other fish.

 

WRASSE

(Rainbow wrasse, Peacock wrasse)

 

Scientific name: Coris julis, Thalassoma pavo

Common size: 5-20 cm, weight: 35-150 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook size: No. 16-18  Line: 0.15-0.20 mm

 

 

SILVERSIDE

Scientific name: Atherina hepsetus, Atherina presbyter

Common size: 5-15 cm, weight: 10-50 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year esp. Sep-Nov

Bait: n/a

Hook size: n/a

Can only be caught using nets.

COMPER

Scientific name: Serranus cabrilla, Serranus hepatus

Common size: 10-30 cm, weight: 50 - 250 gr

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: Prawn, worm, squid etc

Hook size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Can be found near underwater rocks or sandy beaches.

MARBLED SPINEFOOD

Scientific name: Siganus Rivulatus

Common size: 5-25 cm, max 27 cm , weight: 50 - 250 gr

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, wrack, algae etc

Hook size: No. 14-16  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Can be found over sandy substrate, often covered by algae and seagrass

Migrated from Red Sea around the year 1929 via the Suez Canal

Its dorsal fin is venomous. Stinging very painful but non-lethal.

DUSKY SPINEFOOD

Scientific name: Siganus Luridus

Common size: 10-22 cm, max 30 cm , weight: 50 - 250 gr

Fishing season: Jul - Nov

Bait: Flour, wrack, algae etc

Hook size: No. 14-16  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Can be found in rocky or hard substrate, usually covered with vegetation.

Migrated from Red Sea around the year 1969 via the Suez Canal

Its dorsal fin is venomous. Stinging very painful but non-lethal.

SWORDFISH

Scientific name: Xiphias gladius

Common size: 1-3 m, weight: 80 - 300 kg

Fishing season: Any time of the year

Bait: gilthead sea bream, squid etc.

Caution: Very dangerous